The Nose

Just like the ear, the nose is responsible for multiple functions. It warms and humidifies the air we breath, it cleans the air, it provides our sense of smell and surprisingly is the most important component of taste. It is surrounded by air filled spaces called sinuses which can sometimes be problematic.

Common disorders of the nose which we treat include:

    • Rhinitis simply means the lining of the nose is irritated. This can be due to a number of factors including allergies, medications, aging, dry air, germs and irritation from chemicals. We can evaluate the lining of the nose to try to determine what is causing this irritation. This will allow us to choose the best treatment for your condition.

    • Sinusitis refers to an infection involving the air filled spaces in the face which surround the nose. It is generally characterized by nasal drainage, nasal congestion and facial pain or pressure. In most cases this is treated with antibiotics. If infections are occurring too frequently we may try a nose spray to decrease the inflammation in the nose and thus decrease the frequency of infections. When medications fail, surgery may also be an option.

    • Nasal polyps are benign growth in the nose. They are very common and usually benign. In most cases they will recede with a nasal steroid spray. If they do not resolve with medications, they can be surgically removed.

    • Allergies are very common and unfortunately becoming more common. They also tend to be hereditary. Fortunately, we have many options for managing allergies. Testing can be performed to determine which items you are allergic to. With this information, you can try environmental controls, and try antihistamine medications. If this fails, immunotherapy with shots, drops under the tongue or even pills can be used.

    • Abnormal bowing of the structure that divides the two sides of the nose resulting in blockage of airflow. This is generally treated surgically if it is interfering with nasal breathing.

    • Enlargement of the structures in the nose responsible for regulation of air flow resulting in nasal congestion.

    • Enlargement of the structure in the back of the nose limiting air flow most commonly seen in children.

    • This refers to a bloody nose. This is generally treated with cautery or nasal packing if it is actively bleeding. However, in cases where it is not actively bleeding, it may respond to nasal saline spray, or medication adjustment.

While most nasal problems are manage medically, we offer the following surgeries:

  • Septoplasty (Straightening the nasal septum to relieve congestion)
  • Turbinate reduction (Shrimking the turbinates to relieve congestion)
  • Nasal Polypectomy (Removal of polyps to alleviate congestion)
  • Adenoidectomy (Removal of the adenoid to alleviate congestion)
  • Sinus Surgery (Generally a procedure to alleviate sinus infections by improving aeration to the sinuses)